Public transport use changes during Covid-19 in Barcelona
Ridership is down by an average 90% in Barcelona and surroundings in the past month


Travelling by public transport in Barcelona is restricted to essential journeys only as the city maintains Covid-19 restrictions.

Local transit agencies now use their communication budgets urging people to stay at home. Ridership declined as much as 95% on some days. During the two-week period of total lockdown between March 30 – April 12, even less reported travels were made as only essential workers were allowed to leave their homes.

In line with new government rules, transit companies are obliged to keep their vehicles occupancy at no more than 1/3 of capacity to ensure social distancing.

Here’s how the situation looks like for each operator :

Regional Train Operator FGC


FGC indicates an average 93% drop in passengers between March 9th to April 23rd, compared to the same period last year.

The average daily validations are at around 25.000, with service supply at 60% during rush hour, and 40% throughout the rest of the day.

There has been a 49% increase in passengers in the weeks 13 – 26 April compared to the two weeks of complete lockdown between March 30 – April 12.


FGC has an annual ridership of 87 million passengers (2018).

Subway and Bus Service TMB


On TMB subway the capacity is at 60% on weekdays, with peaks to 65% in the early hours of the morning. Buses run at around 45% capacity, compared to a regular weekday.

The subway runs a fixed schedule from 5 in the morning to 12 at night, from Monday to Friday, without the regular non-stop service during weekdays.

TMB has a total ridership of 610 million yearly, with 407,5 million on the subway, and 203 million passengers on buses (2018).


The tramway operates at 60% capacity, with increased frequency during weekends. During the total lockdown period between April 2-14, service was at 50%.

The tramway has 2 lines with 7 routes throughout the city, and an annual ridership of 15 million (2018).

Rodalies de Catalunya

In the period March 25 – April 14, Rodalies provided service at 66% capacity during weekdays and 50% in the weekends.

Between April 14 – 27 , service was at 63% during rush hours and 50% during the rest of the day.

As of April 27, Rodalies announced an increase in service to 71% during rush hours and 61% throughout the rest of the day.

The average ridership between March 23 – April 26 looked like as following:


Rodalies has an annual ridership of 117 million and a daily ridership of 350.000 passengers (2016).


Renfe, the national railways of Spain, reported an average 10% use of of its services in the surroundings of Barcelona during March 28 – April 23:


Renfe has an annual ridership of 507 million passengers and a revenue of € 3.979 millions (2018).

Throughout Catalunya, Google reports an 81% decrease in mobility at transit stations in the period March 6 – April 17:


Besides the changes in traffic from public transport operators, Barcelona’s biking scheme has also been stopped between March 16 until April 23 to limit the spread of the disease. The service is now open again to the public although with strict hygienic recommendations.

Spike in fare evasions

While passenger numbers plummeted, fare infractions skyrocketed during the pandemic, as ticket inspections and front-door bus boarding were halted.

On Amsterdam buses, fare infractions increased 4 times compared to pre-pandemic levels. On Stockholm commuter trains, fare evasion rates increased by 70% in June.

Fare evasion is a major concern for mass transport companies, even more now as they are working to recover financial losses during the pandemic.

Breakthrough technologies using AI Video Analytics provide an alternative solution to tackle fare evasion at turnstile gates, by detecting infractions through video streams in real-time. This technology allows for faster response times, and selective controls which are better suited in the context of the pandemic.